pop quizCleanTech Trends Pop Quiz Answers

Answers to last week’s 10 Questions

Last week we published a pop quiz to test you savvy on the latest employment, deployment, and penetration rates of the various cleantech sectors.

The answers follow below.

 

1. Which renewable sector deployment grew by 28 percent in 2012 in the U.S.?

 

A) Solar

B) Wind

C) Natural Gas

D) Geothermal

 

2. How much did renewable energy add to the nation’s electricity capacity in 2012?

 

A) 9%

B) 29%

C) 49%

D) 69%

 

3. Which renewable industry added three times as much new capacity in 2012 as in the two years prior?

 

A) Solar

B) Wind

C) Natural Gas

D) Geothermal

4. Which U.S. states compete with the global top ten countries in the percentage of utility-scale electricity from wind power?

 

A) Iowa and South Dakota

B) Oklahoma and North Dakota

C) Minnesota, Kansas

D) Idaho, Colorado, Oregon

 

5. How many people work in the U.S. solar industry?

 

A) 99,000

B) 119,000

C) 199,000

D) 229,000

 

6. Natural gas is a renewable source of energy.

 

A) True

B) False

C) Both

 

7. Which Metro area had the highest number of clean energy patents granted (per 1M people) over the last decade?

 

A) San Francisco, CA

B) San Jose, CA

C) Boston, MA

D) Detroit, MI

8. Which U.S. State has the highest number of Electric Vehicle charging stations (per million people)?

 

A) California

B) Oregon

C) Washington

D) Hawaii

9. Which three states led in the installation of smart meters in 2012?

 

A) DC, California, Idaho

B) Georgia, Arizona, Nevada

C) Alabama, Delaware, Oregon

D) Maine, Texas, Oklahoma

 

10. Which Cleantech Industry received the most Venture Capital funding in 2012?

A) Solar

B) Transportation

C) Biofuels & Biochemicals

D) Energy Efficiency

 

Answers:

1. Which renewable sector deployment grew by 28 percent in 2012 in the U.S.?

Wind

Motivated to take advantage of the upcoming expiration of federal production tax credit, wind power added 13.1 gigawatts of new capacity installed in 2012 in the U.S. Surpassing the 60 GW milestone in total wind power capacity, wind energy became the nation’s largest source of new generation capacity for the year, contributing 41 percent of the total.

2. How much did renewable energy add to the nation’s electricity capacity in 2012?

49%

Overall, renewable energy (wind, solar, geothermal, biomass, and others) accounted for 49 percent of the nation’s added electricity capacity – the largest share ever – exceeding even the 33% share of new generation capacity that came from natural gas.

3. Which renewable industry added three times as much new capacity in 2012 as in the two years prior?

Geothermal

Despite little new federal legislation or Congressional leadership, the Geothermal industry leveraged state and metro level

 

4. Which U.S. states compete with the global top ten countries in the percentage of utility-scale electricity from wind power?

All of the above

Iowa 24%; South Dakota 23%; North Dakota 15%; Minnesota 14%; Kansas 11%; Idaho 11%; Colorado 11%; Oklahoma 11%; Oregon 10%

Electricity from Wind Power

 

 

 

Iowa wind farms generate more power than those in Denmark in absolute quantities at 13,945 GWh in 2012, as compared to 11,637 GWh in Denmark.

 

5. How many people work in the U.S. solar industry?

119,000

According to the Solar Foundation’s third annual National Solar Jobs Census report 119,000 people work in the U.S. solar industry, which includes 5,600 businesses.

6. Natural gas is a renewable source of energy.

Both

Natural gas is a cleaner burning fuel than other fuel sources but whether it should be considered renewable depends on the source of the natural gas. Thermogenic natural gas, like coal and oil, forms deep underground from the remains of ancient plants and animals decay under the intense heat and pressure created by the layers of sand, silt, rock and water above them over a long period of time. Hydraulic fracking is required to access thermogenic natural gas. Biogenic natural gas however can be formed in a much shorter period of time from organic matter like animal waste or landfills. As this matter decomposes as bacteria eat the waste and produce methane as their own waste product. Biogenic natural gas is often collected using enclosed chambers called digesters.

 

7. Which Metro area had the highest number of clean energy patents granted (per 1M people) over the last decade?

Detroit, MI

Detroit takes a big lead with 1,365 Clean Energy patents 318 per 1M people) from 2002 to 2012. The runners up are San Jose (465 total, 245.5/1M), Hartford, CT (267 total, 219.9/1M), and San Francisco (396 total, 88.9/1M).

 

8. Which U.S. State has the highest number of Electric Vehicle charging stations (per million people)?

Hawaii

While Washington state has become an early leader in electric vehicles (both in EV sales and the build out of a reliable charging infrastructure), Hawaiians have also strongly embraced EVs. In fact, Hawaii is leading all other states, with more than 100 EV charging stations per million people. Hawaii also ranks third in registered EVs and ninth in hybrids; Oregon ranks #4 in hybrid use, #5 in EVs, and #2 in EV charging stations.

 

9. Which three states led in the installation of smart meters in 2012?

DC, California, Idaho

This was a bit of a trick question as all of the choices are leaders in the penetration of advanced metering, figuring in at the top 12 states.

2012 Penetration of Advanced Metering

 

 

 

 

10. Which Cleantech Industry received the most Venture Capital funding in 2012?

Biofuels & Biochemicals

The top sector was Biofuels & Biochemicals at $952 million invested in 53 deals. (Big winners include: Sapphire Energy, a California-based developer of algae biofuels, Beta Renewables, an Italian based joint venture between Chemtex and TPG developing facilities to make non-food cellulosic feedstocks practical for biofuels production, and Elevance Renewable Sciences, an Illinois-based producer of high-performance waxes, functional oils, anti-microbials, lubricants, additives and other chemicals using olefin metathesis technology).

 

Transportation came in second with $927 million in funding from 71 deals. (Fisker Automotive, a California-based manufacturer of luxury electric cars, held two expansions of an existing round and opened a new round of equity; Protean Electric, a Michigan-based provider of in-wheel propulsion systems for electric vehicles; ChargePoint, a California-based provider of electric vehicle charging solutions.)

 

And in third place was the Energy Efficiency sector with $907 million dollars in 140 deals. (IO Data Centers, an Arizona-based provider of next-generation modular data center technology and services designs; Blu Homes, a Massachusetts-based designer of green homes including resource efficient fabrication and energy efficient systems; View, a California-based developer of energy-efficient glass technologies for buildings.)

 

How did you do?

 

 

Reference and Further Reading:

2013 U.S. Clean Tech Leadership Index
CleanEdge
Questions 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9

Ramping Up Renewables: Energy You Can Count On
Union of Concerned Scientists
Question 4

National Solar Jobs Census 2012
The Solar Foundation
Question 5

What is Natural Gas?
HowStuffWorks, a wholly owned subsidiary of Discovery Communications
Question 6

Assessment of Demand Response & Advanced Metering Staff Report
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Question 9

Cleantech Group
Global Clean Technology Venture Investment Totals $6.46B in 2012 Cleantech Group’s Quarterly Investment Monitor Shows Venture Investment Down 33% by Investment Total; 15% by Deal Count from 2011
Question 10

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